Botswana is landlocked by South Africa, Namibia and Zimbabwe (and Zambia for about 200 metres/219 yards). The Kalahari Desert forms 70% of Botswana, an area of 900,000 square kilometres (350,000 square miles). The name “Kalahari” is considered to be derived from the Tswana word “kgala”, meaning “the great thirst”, or “kgalagadi”, meaning “a waterless place”.
With only 3.9 inhabitants per square kilometre, Botswana’s population density is one of the lowest on Earth, compared to the United Kingdom (395 people/km2) or Germany (236 people/km2).
Botswana diverse natural landscape is home to a wide variety of animal and plant life. Different species of antelope, such as Lechwe and Wildebeest, can be found in the savannas and wetlands. There are large packs of endangered African wild dog and an abundance of bird species.